Cold showers and intermittent fasting: The Benefits to your Health
Have you ever heard the term Hormesis before? Probably not, but Hormesis is the term used by scientists to describe any beneficial effect (improved health, stress tolerance, growth or longevity) that results from exposure to low doses of an agent that is otherwise toxic or lethal when given at higher doses.
Two examples of this are cold showers and intermittent fasting, which we are just beginning to explore for their exciting health benefits
The Benefits of Cold Showers
The science behind cold showers is fascinating and very real.
Katherine Hepburn new about the benefits of Hormesis before most other people did…She began taking cold showers daily after being pushed into it by Dr Thomas Norval Hepburn, a urologist and pioneer in social hygiene and she credited them for her high energy levels. But now scientists have started to discover what is going on under the skin.
By deliberately subjecting yourself to the cold water, we cause several changes in our bodies.
Thermogenesis– the internal generation of body heat.
Turn on your body’s adaptive repair systems– which leads to:
Improved Mood –Cold showers have been shown to up-regulate (increase) the number of dopamine receptors (D2 receptors). Dopamine is a neurotransmitter responsible for our motivation and behaviour and is partly the reason why cold showers are so useful for countering depression.
Not too bad when you think about it. Sixty seconds of discomfort is probably worth it for all of those rewards. Joel Runyon credits taking cold showers with helping him start up his business:
The Benefits of Intermittent fasting
When it comes to intermittent fasting, should we do as the Romans do?
It may have been the Romans who first discovered the benefits of intermittent fasting, entirely by accident, of course, like a lot of important scientific discoveries.
Back then, epilepsy was an unknown entity, and the Romans believed that seizures were a sure sign that a demon had possessed you. An ignorant diagnosis was always going to earn a naive prescription for treatment.
They would lock up anyone having seizures in a dark room and cut off their food supply, but through sheer dumb luck, they began to notice improvements and a reduction in the number of seizures.
This wasn’t because the demon inside them got a little bit too ‘hangry’ and decided to go and possess someone else.
Scientists have now discovered that intermittent fasting has positive effects on those who suffer from seizures, which they believe is because intermittent fasting encourages our body and brain to use ketones as an energy source instead of glucose, and this seems to reduce the number of seizures.
Who else can benefit from intermittent fasting?
All of us really, but its best to start when you are an adult as they will notice the most benefits, of which there are many useful ones.
As we age, our cells can slowly begin to break down under what’s known as oxidative stress whereby we produce unwanted free radicals that can be detrimental to other cells, bumping into them and damaging them potentially leading to diseases such as cancer.
What are the benefits, and how do they come about?
Intermittent fasting can cause several adaptive responses from our brain that improve our neural functioning. Whether this is an evolutionary adaption, we don’t know for sure, but it would make sense.
Imagine yourself back in the days of hunter-gatherers where you need to find food to survive. If you went through a period with no food and your brain started to slow down and perform poorly, then you would be far less likely to survive. But if your brain function could improve under this stress, then you were more likely to find something to help you survive and ultimately reach your end goal enabling you to pass on your DNA.
Some of these adaptive responses are extraordinary; for example, some studies have shown that when we fast, the amount of BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) a chemical responsible for protecting, creating, and the differentiation of new cells in the brain, can rise by between 50-400%. This is significant as BDNF plays a large role in learning, memory, and mood, which suggests that IF may be a great way to stave off an age-related neural decline in the brain.
Similar to cold showers, another response from IF is that we up-regulate (increase) the number of dopamine receptors (D2 receptors), which is excellent news for those with mood disorders and even Parkinson’s. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter involved in numerous functions such as pleasure, reward, and motor control.
Intermittent fasting can also raise our levels of Human growth hormone (HGH) by significant amounts. One study showed that after three days, HGH levels increased by 300%, and after seven, it was at 1200%.
HGH influences many different areas:
- Muscle strength
- Enhanced weight loss
- Stronger bones
- Less risk of cardiovascular disease
- Better mood.
The benefits of Hormesis are significant and could be a tool for us all to look after our minds and bodies as we grow older. It could also be useful for those suffering from physical ailments like arthritis or those with mental health-related issues who are looking for a more natural way to improve their condition. With more and more individuals looking into preventative medicine, Hormesis is a route to be explored.