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When it comes to buying supplements for our wellbeing, we all want to be as well informed as possible. In the case of CBD, there's a lot of terminologies involved that many of us have probably never heard of.
We have created a glossary of the key terms to help those of you looking to understand more about this exciting new cannabinoid (definition below).
CBD - AKA Cannabidiol is one component of the cannabis plant-derived from Hemp. It makes up one of the 113 phytocannabinoids found in the plant. CBD may influence the human endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for affecting functions like Mood, Sleep, and how much pain we experience.
Cannabis - Cannabis Sativa L. is the name of the plant species to which both marijuana and Hemp belong. Many people are now defaulting to calling marijuana "cannabis," but cannabis is a broad term for the whole plant species.
Endocannabinoid System - The Endocannabinoid System is one of many bodily systems that helps to maintain homeostasis in the body. Its receptors are widespread and found in the skin, immune cells, heart, brain, and digestive system, and it impacts body processes ranging from pain to mood to immunity.
Cannabinoid - A naturally occurring compound found in the cannabis plant. THC and CBD are the two most prevalent cannabinoids, but there are at least 113 known cannabinoids.
Endocannabinoid - An endocannabinoid is simply a cannabinoid that is naturally occurring within the body. I.e., endogenous (produced within the body), e.g., Anandamide AKA. The 'Bliss molecule.'
Phytocannabinoid - A phytocannabinoid is simply a plant-based cannabinoid. Plants like Hemp have their cannabinoids that can affect (either directly or indirectly) the endocannabinoid system. There are over 113 different phytocannabinoids in the hemp plant, each with potentially different effects.
CBD Oil - This is where CBD is mixed with a carrier oil and placed in a dropper. The dropper administers the CBD oil under the tongue (sublingual consumption). Believed to be one of the most effective ways of consuming CBD.
CBD Capsules - A CBD capsule is a specific delivery method for CBD. It is taken orally, much like any other gel capsule or vitamin you see on shelves. Because each dose of CBD is already measured out for you in each capsule, there's no guesswork involved in how much CBD you're ingesting or a need to figure out your ideal amount.
Broad Spectrum - Broad-spectrum CBD products are created from the entire plant leaves, flowers, stem, and seeds and contain an array of beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes--but zero THC. To create Broad Spectrum CBD, the hemp plant must undergo additional processing to remove as many trace amounts of THC as possible, while still preserving its therapeutic properties. Sagely Naturals' products all contain broad-spectrum CBD. All the whole-plant benefits without the intoxicating effects.
Full Spectrum - Full Spectrum CBD refers to an extract created from the entire plant - leaves, flowers, stem, and seeds - without any filtering of THC. The full range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds remain intact, as well as up to 0.3% THC Isolate.
Terpenes - Terpenes (and terpenoids) are aromatic organic hydrocarbons found in many plants and even some insects. Plants developed terpenes to ward off herbivores that might eat them and to attract helpful predators and pollinators. Terpenes are secreted in the same glands that produce cannabinoids like CBD and THC.
Entourage Effect - The entourage effect is the result produced from the synergistic interaction of the cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes, and fatty acids naturally found in cannabis, which we mentioned above. The entourage effect refers to the beneficial effect of all these compounds working together as opposed to just one or two of these compounds working in isolation.
Certificate of Analysis - A document attesting that specific goods have undergone specified testing with specified results. In the case of CBD products, a finished good's Certificate of Authenticity (COA) ensures CBD/THC potency and that there are no harmful contaminants in the product.
Hemp - Hemp is a plant that is part of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant species. To be legally classified as Hemp in the US, the plant must have very low levels of THC (less than .3%). The fibers can be used to make clothing, and the seeds and seed oil is nutritionally dense. Additionally, Hemp is a sustainable building material and removes chemicals and heavy metals from the soil, making it an incredibly eco-friendly plant.
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